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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

 

It is thus possible that defective sexual development tends to be 

associated with corresponding olfactory defect. Heschl[37] has reported a 

case in which absence of both olfactory nerves coincided with defective 

development of the sexual organs. Fere remarks that the impotent show a 

repugnance for sexual odors. Dr. Kiernan informs me that in women after 

ooephorectomy he has noted a tendency to diminished (and occasionally 

increased) sense of smell. These questions, however, await more careful 

and extended observation. 

 

A very significant transition from the phenomena of personal odor to those 

of sexual attraction by personal odor is to be found in the fact that 

among the peoples inhabiting a large part of the world's surface the 

ordinary salutation between friends is by mutual smelling of the person. 

In some form or another the method of salutation by applying the nose to 

the nose, face, or hand of a friend in greeting is found throughout a 

large part of the Pacific, among the Papuans, the Eskimo, the hill tribes 

of India, in Africa, and elsewhere.[38] Thus, among a certain hill tribe 

in India, according to Lewin, they smell a friend's cheek: "in their 

language, they do not say, 'Give me a kiss,' but they say 'Smell me.'" And 

on the Gambia, according to F. Moore, "When the men salute the women, 

they, instead of shaking their hands, put it up to their noses, and smell 

twice to the back of it." Here we have very clearly a recognition of the 

emotional value of personal odor widely prevailing throughout the world. 

The salutation on an olfactory basis may, indeed, be said to be more 

general than the salutation on a tactile basis on which European 

handshaking rests, each form involving one of the two most intimate and 

emotional senses. The kiss may be said to be a development proceeding both 

from the olfactory and the tactile bases, with perhaps some other elements 

as well, and is too complex to be regarded as a phenomenon of either 

purely tactile or purely olfactory origin.[39] 

 

As the sole factor in sexual selection olfaction must be rare. It is said 

that Asiatic princes have sometimes caused a number of the ladies to race 

in the seraglio garden until they were heated; their garments have then 

been brought to the prince, who has selected one of them solely by the 

odor.[40] There was here a sexual selection mainly by odor. Any exclusive 

efficacy of the olfactory sense is rare, not so much because the 

impressions of this sense are inoperative, but because agreeable personal 

odors are not sufficiently powerful, and the olfactory organ is too 

obtuse, to enable smell to take precedence of sight. Nevertheless, in many 

people, it is probable that certain odors, especially those that are 

correlated with a healthy and sexually desirable person, tend to be 

agreeable; they are fortified by their association with the loved person, 

sometimes to an irresistible degree; and their potency is doubtless 

increased by the fact, to which reference has already been made, that many 


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