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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

odors, including some bodily odors, are nervous stimulants. 

 

It is possible that the sexual associations of odors have been still 

further fortified by a tendency to correlation between a high development 

of the olfactory organ and a high development of the sexual apparatus. An 

association between a large nose and a large male organ is a very ancient 

observation and has been verified occasionally in recent times. There is 

normally at puberty a great increase in the septum of the nose, and it is 

quite conceivable, in view of the sympathy, which, as we shall see, 

certainly exists between the olfactory and sexual region, that the two 

regions may develop together under a common influence. 

 

The Romans firmly believed in the connection between a large nose 

and a large penis. "Noscitur e naso quanta sit hasta viro," 

stated Ovid. This belief continued to prevail, especially in 

Italy, through the middle ages; the physiognomists made much of 

it, and licentious women (like Joanna of Naples) were, it 

appears, accustomed to bear it in mind, although disappointment 

is recorded often to have followed. (See e.g., the quotations and 

references given by J.N. Mackenzie, "Physiological and 

Pathological Relations between the Nose and the Sexual Apparatus 

in Man." _Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin_, No. 82, January, 

1898; also Hagen, _Sexuelle Osphresiologie_, pp. 15-19.) A 

similar belief as to the association between the sexual impulse 

in women and a long nose was evidently common in England in the 

sixteenth century, for in Massinger's _Emperor of the East_ (Act 

II, Scene I) we read, 

 

"Her nose, which by its length assures me 

Of storms at midnight if I fail to pay her 

The tribute she expects." 

 

At the present day, a proverb of the Venetian people still 

embodies the belief in the connection between a large nose and a 

large sexual member. 

 

The probability that such an association tends in many cases to 

prevail is indicated not only by the beliefs of antiquity, when 

more careful attention was paid to these matters, but by the 

testimony of various modern observers, although it does not 

appear that any series of exact observations have yet been made. 

 

It may be noted that Marro, in his careful anthropological study 

of criminals (_I Caratteri dei Delinquenti_), found no class of 

criminals with so large a proportion alike of anomalies of the 

nose and anomalies of the genital organs as sexual offenders. 

 

However this may be, it is less doubtful that there is a very intimate 

relation both in men and women between the olfactory mucous membrane of 

the nose and the whole genital apparatus, that they frequently show a 

sympathetic action, that influences acting on the genital sphere will 

affect the nose, and occasionally, it is probable, influences acting on 


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