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sulla circolozione del sangue nel cervello umano," _International Congress
fuer Psychologie_, Munich, 1897, p. 176.
 _Philosophische Studien_, vol. xi.
 Binet and Courtier, "La Vie Emotionelle," _Annee Psychologique_,
Third Year, 1897, pp. 104-125.
 Guibaud, _Contribution a l'etude experimentale de l'influence de la
musique sur la circulation et la respiration_. These de Bordeaux, 1898,
summarized in _Annee Psychologique_, Fifth Year, 1899, pp. 645-649.
 _International Congress of Physiology_, Berne, 1895.
 The influence of association plays no necessary part in these
pleasurable influences, for Fere's experiments show that an unmusical
subject responds physiologically, with much precision, to musical
intervals he is unable to recognize. R. MacDougall also finds that the
effective quality of rhythmical sequences does not appear to be dependent
on secondary associations (_Psychological Review_, January, 1903).
 R.T. Lewis, in _Nature Notes_, August, 1891.
 Cornish, "Orpheus at the Zoo," in _Life at the Zoo_, pp. 115-138.
 _Descent of Man_, Chapters XIII and XIX.
 "The Origin of Music" (1857), _Essays_, vol. ii.
 Anyone who is in doubt on this point, as regards bird song, may
consult the little book in which the evidence has been well summarized by
Haecker, _Der Gesang der Voegel_, or the discussion in Groos's _Spiele der
Thiere_, pp. 274 et seq.
 Thus, mosquitoes are irresistibly attracted by music, and especially
by those musical tones which resemble the buzzing of the female; the males
alone are thus attracted. (Nuttall and Shipley, and Sir Hiram Maxim,
quoted in _Nature_, October 31, 1901, p. 655, and in _Lancet_, February
 _Descent of Man_, second edition, p. 567. Groos, in his discussion
of music, also expresses doubt whether hearing plays a considerable part
in the courtship of mammals, _Spiele der Menschen_, p. 22.
 Fere, _L'Instinct Sexuel_, second edition, p. 137.
 See Bierent, _La Puberte_ Chapter IV; also Havelock Ellis, _Man and
Woman_, fourth edition, pp. 270-272. Endriss (_Die Bisherigen
Beobachtungen von Physiologischen und Pathologischen Beziehungen der
oberen Luftwege zu den Sexualorganen_, Teil III) brings together various
observations on the normal and abnormal relations of the larynx to the
 Moll, _Untersuchungen ueber die Libido Sexualis_, bd. 1, p. 133.
 J.L. Roger, _Traite des Effets de la Musique_, 1803, pp. 234 and
 A typical example occurs in the early life of History I in Appendix
B to vol. iii of these _Studies_.
 Vaschide and Vurpas state (_Archives de Neurologie_, May, 1904) that
in their experience music may facilitate sexual approaches in some cases
of satiety, and that in certain pathological cases the sexual act can only
be accomplished under the influence of music.
 Fere, _L'Instinct Sexuel_, p. 137. Bloch (_Beitraege_, etc., vol. ii,
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