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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

scarcely to be improved by the adventitious aid of the black 

border of kohl; for this the lovely maiden adds rather for the 

sake of fashion than necessity, having what the Arabs term 

natural kohl. The eyebrows are thin and arched; the forehead is 

wide and fair as ivory; the nose straight; the mouth, small; the 

lips of a brilliant red; and the teeth, like pearls set in coral. 

The forms of the bosom are compared to two pomegranates; the 

waist is slender; the hips are wide and large; the feet and 

hands, small; the fingers, tapering, and their extremities dyed 

with the deep orange tint imparted by the leaves of the henna." 

 

Lane adds a more minute analysis from an unknown author quoted by 

El-Ishakee: "Four things in a woman should be _black_--the hair 

of the head, the eyebrows, the eyelashes, and the dark part of 

the eyes; four _white_--the complexion of the skin, the white of 

the eyes, the teeth, and the legs; four _red_--the tongue, the 

lips, the middle of the cheeks, and the gums; four _round_--the 

head, the neck, the forearms, and the ankles; four _long_--the 

back, the fingers, the arms, and the legs; four _wide_--the 

forehead, the eyes, the bosom, and the hips; four _fine_--the 

eyebrows, the nose, the lips, and the fingers; four _thick_--the 

lower part of the back, the thighs, the calves of the legs, and 

the knees; four _small_--the ears, the breasts, the hands, and 

the feet." (E.W. Lane, _Arabian Society in the Middle Ages_, 

1883, pp. 214-216.) 

 

 

A Persian treatise on the figurative terms relating to beauty 

shows that the hair should be black, abundant, and wavy, the 

eyebrows dark and arched. The eyelashes also must be dark, and 

like arrows from the bow of the eyebrows. There is, however, no 

insistence on the blackness of the eyes. We hear of four 

varieties of eye: the dark-gray eye (or narcissus eye); the 

narrow, elongated eye of Turkish beauties; the languishing, or 

love-intoxicated, eye; and the wine-colored eye. Much stress is 

laid on the quality of brilliancy. The face is sometimes 

described as brown, but more especially as white and rosy. There 

are many references to the down on the lips, which is described 

as greenish (sometimes bluish) and compared to herbage. This down 

and that on the cheeks and the stray hairs near the ears were 

regarded as very great beauties. A beauty spot on the chin, 

cheek, or elsewhere was also greatly admired, and evoked many 

poetic comparisons. The mouth must be very small. In stature a 

beautiful woman must be tall and erect, like the cypress or the 

maritime pine. While the Arabs admired the rosiness of the legs 

and thighs, the Persians insisted on white legs and compared them 

to silver and crystal. (_Anis El-Ochchaq_, by Shereef-Eddin Romi, 

translated by Huart, _Bibliotheque de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes_, 


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