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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

artificial elongation among the Basuto and other peoples, and the 

anatomical evidence is in favor of its partly artificial 

character. (The Hottentot apron is fully discussed by Ploss and 

Bartels, _Das Weib_, bd. I, sec. vi.) 

 

In the Jaboo country on the Bight of Benin in West Africa, 

Daniell stated, it was considered ornamental to elongate the 

labia and the clitoris artificially; small weights were appended 

to the clitoris and gradually increased. (W.F. Daniell, 

_Topography of Gulf of Guinea_, 1849, pp. 24, 53.) 

 

Among the Bawenda of the northern Transvaal, the missionary 

Wessmann states, it is customary for young girls from the age of 

8 to spend a certain amount of time every day in pulling the 

_labia majora_ in order to elongate them; in selecting a wife the 

young men attach much importance to this elongation, and the girl 

whose labia stand out most is most attractive. (_Zeitschrift fuer 

Ethnologie_, 1894, ht. 4, p. 363.) 

 

It may be added that in various parts of the world mutilations of 

the sexual organs of men and women, or operations upon them, are 

practiced, for reasons which are imperfectly known, since it 

usually happens that the people who practice them are unable to 

give the reason for this practice, or they assign a reason which 

is manifestly not that which originally prompted the practice. 

Thus, the excision of the clitoris, practiced in many parts of 

East Africa and frequently supposed to be for the sake of dulling 

sexual feeling (J.S. King _Journal of the Anthropological 

Society_, Bombay, 1890, p. 2), seems very doubtfully accounted 

for thus, for the women have it done of their own accord; "all 

Sobo women [Niger coast] have their clitoris cut off; unless they 

have this done they are looked down upon, as slave women who do 

not get cut; as soon, therefore, as a Sobo woman has collected 

enough money, she goes to an operating woman and pays her to do 

the cutting." (_Journal of the Anthropological Institute_, 

August-November, 1898, p. 117.) The Comte de Cardi investigated 

this matter in the Niger Delta: "I have questioned both native 

men and women," he states, "to try and get the natives' reason 

for this rite, but the almost universal answer to my queries was, 

'it is our country's fashion.'" One old man told him it was 

practiced because favorable to continence, and several old women 

said that once the women of the land used to suffer from a 

peculiar kind of madness which this rite reduced. (_Journal of 

the Anthropological Institute_, August-November, 1899, p. 59.) In 

the same way the subincision of the urethra (mika operation of 

Australia) is frequently supposed to be for the purpose of 

preventing conception (See, e.g., the description of the 

operation by J.G. Garson, _Medical Press_, February 21, 1894), 


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