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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

large hips and buttocks are regarded as a mark of beauty, and the average 

man is of this opinion even in the most aesthetic countries. The contrast 

of this exuberance with the more closely knit male form, the force of 

association, and the unquestionable fact that such development is the 

condition needed for healthy motherhood, have served as a basis for an 

ideal of sexual attractiveness which appeals to nearly all people more 

strongly than a more narrowly aesthetic ideal, which must inevitably be 

somewhat hermaphroditic in character. 

 

Broad hips, which involve a large pelvis, are necessarily a characteristic 

of the highest human races, because the races with the largest heads must 

be endowed also with the largest pelvis to enable their large heads to 

enter the world. The white race, according to Bacarisse, has the broadest 

sacrum, the yellow race coming next, the black race last. The white race 

is also stated to show the greatest curvature of the sacrum, the yellow 

race next, while the black race has the flattest sacrum.[140] The black 

race thus possesses the least developed pelvis, the narrowest, and the 

flattest. It is certainly not an accidental coincidence that it is 

precisely among people of black race that we find a simulation of the 

large pelvis of the higher races admired and cultivated in the form of 

steatopygia. This is an enormously exaggerated development of the 

subcutaneous layer of fat which normally covers the buttocks and upper 

parts of the thighs in woman, and in this extreme form constitutes a kind 

of natural fatty tumor. Steatopygia cannot be said to exist, according to 

Deniker, unless the projection of the buttocks exceeds 4 per cent of the 

individual's height; it frequently equals 10 per cent. True steatopygia 

only exists among Bushman and Hottentot women, and among the peoples who 

are by blood connected with them. An unusual development of the buttocks 

is, however, found among the Woloffs and many other African peoples.[141] 

There can be no doubt that among the black peoples of Africa generally, 

whether true steatopygia exists among them or not, extreme gluteal 

development is regarded as a very important, if not the most important, 

mark of beauty, and Burton stated that a Somali man was supposed to choose 

his wife by ranging women in a row and selecting her who projected 

farthest _a tergo_.[142] In Europe, it must be added, clothing enables 

this feature of beauty to be simulated. Even by some African peoples the 

posterior development has been made to appear still larger by the use of 

cushions, and in England in the sixteenth century we find the same 

practice well recognized, and the Elizabethan dramatists refer to the 

"bum-roll," which in more recent times has become the bustle, devices 

which bear witness to what Watts, the painter, called "the persistent 

tendency to suggest that the most beautiful half of humanity is furnished 

with tails."[143] In reality, as we see, it is simply a tendency, not to 


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