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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

centuries; (5) the period of the modern corset. We hear of 

embroidered girdles in Homer. Even in Rome, however, the fasciae 

were not in general use, and were chiefly employed either to 

support the breasts or to compress their excessive development, 

and then called _mamillare_. The _zona_ was a girdle, worn 

usually round the hips, especially by young girls. The modern 

corset is a combination of the _fascia_ and the _zona_. It was at 

the end of the fourteenth century that Isabeau of Bavaria 

introduced the custom of showing the breasts uncovered, and the 

word "corset" was then used for the first time. 

 

Stratz, in his _Frauenkleidung_ (pp. 366 et seq.), and in his 

_Schoenheit des Weiblichen Koerpers_, Chapters VIII, X, and XVI, 

also deals with the corset, and illustrates the results of 

compression on the body. For a summary of the evidence concerning 

the difference of respiration in man and woman, its causes and 

results, see Havelock Ellis, _Man and Woman_, fourth edition, 

1904, pp. 228-244. With reference to the probable influence of 

the corset and unsuitable clothing generally during early life in 

impeding the development of the mammary glands, causing inability 

to suckle properly, and thus increasing infant mortality, see 

especially a paper by Professor Bollinger (_Correspondenz-blatt 

Deutsch. Gesell. Anthropologie_, October, 1899). 

 

The compression caused by the corset, it must be added, is not 

usually realized or known by those who wear it. Thus, Rushton 

Parker and Hugh Smith found, in two independent series of 

measurements, that the waist measurement was, on the average, two 

inches less over the corset than round the naked waist; "the 

great majority seemed quite unaware of the fact." In one case the 

difference was as much as five inches. (_British Medical 

Journal_, September 15 and 22, 1900.) 

 

The breasts and the developed hips are characteristics of women and are 

indications of functional effectiveness as well as sexual allurement. 

Another prominent sexual character which belongs to man, and is not 

obviously an index of function, is furnished by the hair on the face. The 

beard may be regarded as purely a sexual adornment, and thus comparable to 

the somewhat similar growth on the heads of many male animals. From this 

point of view its history is interesting, for it illustrates the tendency 

with increase of civilization not merely to dispense with sexual 

allurement in the primary sexual organs, but even to disregard those 

growths which would appear to have been developed solely to act as sexual 

allurements. The cultivation of the beard belongs peculiarly to barbarous 

races. Among these races it is frequently regarded as the most sacred and 

beautiful part of the person, as an object to swear by, an object to which 

the slightest insult must be treated as deadly. Holding such a position, 


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