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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

said to have an objectively aesthetic basis. We have further found that 

this aesthetic human ideal is modified, and very variously modified in 

different countries and even in the same country at different periods, by 

a tendency, prompted by a sexual impulse which is not necessarily in 

harmony with aesthetic cannons, to emphasize, or even to repress, one or 

other of the prominent secondary sexual characters of the body. We now 

come to another tendency which is apt to an even greater extent to limit 

the cultivation of the purely aesthetic ideal of beauty: the influences of 

national or racial type. 

 

To the average man of every race the woman who most completely embodies 

the type of his race is usually the most beautiful, and even mutilations 

and deformities often have their origin, as Humboldt long since pointed 

out, in the effort to accentuate the racial type.[152] Eastern women 

possess by nature large and conspicuous eyes, and this characteristic 

they seek still further to heighten by art. The Ainu are the hairiest of 

races, and there is nothing which they consider so beautiful as hair. It 

is difficult to be sexually attracted to persons who are fundamentally 

unlike ourselves in racial constitution.[153] 

 

It frequently happens that this admiration for racial characteristics 

leads to the idealization of features which are far removed from aesthetic 

beauty. The firm and rounded breast is certainly a feature of beauty, but 

among many of the black peoples of Africa the breasts fall at a very early 

period, and here we sometimes find that the hanging breast is admired as 

beautiful. 

 

The African Baganda, the Rev. J. Roscoe states (_Journal of the 

Anthropological Institute_, January-June, 1902, p. 72), admire 

hanging breasts to such an extent that their young women tie them 

down in order to hasten the arrival of this condition. 

 

"The most remarkable trait of beauty in the East," wrote Sonnini, 

"is to have large black eyes, and nature has made this a 

characteristic sign of the women of these countries. But, not 

content with this, the women of Egypt wish their eyes to be still 

larger and blacker. To attain this Mussulmans, Jewesses, and 

Christians, rich and poor, all tint their eyelids with galena. 

They also blacken the lashes (as Juvenal tells us the Roman 

ladies did) and mark the angles of the eye so that the fissure 

appears larger." (Sonnini, _Voyage dans la Haute et Basse 

Egypte_, 1799, vol. i, p. 290.) Kohl is thus only used by the 

women who have what the Arabs call "natural kohl." As Flinders 

Petrie has found, the women of the so-called "New Race," between 

the sixth and tenth dynasties of ancient Egypt, used galena and 

malachite for painting their faces. Jewish women in the days of 

the prophets painted their eyes with kohl, as do some Hindu women 

to-day. 

 

"The Ainu have a great affection for their beards. They regard 


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