|• Main||• Contacts|
worn by the lower classes, and became finally an elegant article of
fashionable apparel, often made of silk and adorned with ribbons, even
with gold and jewels. (See, e.g., Bloch, _Beitraege zur AEtiologie der
Psychopathia Sexualis_, Teil I, p. 159.)
 A correspondent in Ceylon has pointed out to me that in the Indian
statues of Buddha, Vishnu, goddesses, etc., the necklace always covers the
nipples, a sexually attractive adornment being thus at the same time the
guardian of the orifices of the body. Crawley (_The Mystic Rose_, p. 135)
regards mutilations as in the nature of permanent amulets or charms.
 Mantegazza, in his discussion of this point, although an ardent
admirer of feminine beauty, decides that woman's form is not, on the
whole, more beautiful than man's. See Appendix to Cap. IV of _Fisiologia
 For a discussion of the anthropology of the feminine pelvis, see
Ploss and Bartels, _Das Weib_, bd. 1. Sec. VI.
 Ploss and Bartels, loc. cit.; Deniker, _Revue d'Anthropologie_,
January 15, 1889, and _Races of Man_, p. 93.
 G.F. Watts, "On Taste in Dress," _Nineteenth Century_, 1883.
 From mediaeval times onwards there has been a tendency to treat the
gluteal region with contempt, a tendency well marked in speech and custom
among the lowest classes in Europe to-day, but not easily traceable in
classic times. Duehren (_Das Geschlechtsleben in England_, bd. II, pp. 359
et seq.) brings forward quotations from aesthetic writers and others
dealing with the beauty of this part of the body.
 Sonnini, _Voyage, etc._, vol. i, p. 308.
 Ploss and Bartels, _Das Weib_, bd. 1, Sec. III; Mantegazza,
_Fisiologia della Donna_, Chapter III.
 Bloch brings together various interesting quotations concerning the
farthingale and the crinoline. (_Beitraege zur AEtiologie der Psychopathia
Sexualis_, Teil I, p. 156.) He states that, like most other feminine
fashions in dress, it was certainly invented by prostitutes.
 The racial variations in the form and character of the breasts are
great, and there are considerable variations even among Europeans. Even as
regards the latter our knowledge is, however, still very vague and
incomplete; there is here a fruitful field for the medical anthropologist.
Ploss and Bartels have brought together the existing data (_Das Weib_, bd.
I, Sec. VIII). Stratz also discusses the subject (_Die Schoenheit das
Weiblichen Koerpers_, Chapter X).
 _Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres Straits_, vol. v, p.
 These devices are dealt with and illustrations given by Ploss and
Bartels, _Das Weib_ (loc. cit.).
 See, e.g., _Parerga und Paralipomena_, bd. I, p. 189, and bd. 2, p.
482. Moll has also discussed this point (_Untersuchungen ueber die Libido
Sexualis_, bd. I, pp. 384 et seq.).
 Speaking of some South American tribes, he remarks (_Travels_,
Page 5 from 7: Back 1 2 3 4  6 7 Forward