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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

English population are darker-eyed than the men;[182] but the difference 

is scarcely so great as this; so that even if wives are not so dark-eyed 

as women generally it would appear that the ideal admiration for the 

dark-eyed may still to some extent make itself felt in actual mating. 

 

While we have to recognize that the modification and even total inhibition 

of sexual ideals in the process of actual mating is largely due to psychic 

causes, such causes do not appear to cover the whole of the phenomena. 

Undoubtedly they count for much, and the man or the woman who, from 

whatever causes, has constituted a sexual ideal with certain characters 

may in the actual contacts of life find that individuals with other and 

even opposed characters most adequately respond to his or her psychic 

demands. There are, however, other causes in play here which at first 

sight may seem to be not of a purely psychic character. One unquestionable 

cause of this kind comes into action in regard to pigmentary selection. 

Fair people, possibly as a matter of race more than from absence of 

pigment, are more energetic than dark people. They possess a sanguine 

vigor and impetuosity which, in most, though not in all, fields and 

especially in the competition of practical life, tend to give them some 

superiority over their darker brethren. The greater fairness of husbands 

in comparison with men in general, as found by Karl Pearson, is thus 

accounted for; fair men are most likely to obtain wives. Husbands are 

fairer than men in general for the same reason that, as I have shown 

elsewhere,[183] created peers are fairer than either hereditary peers or 

even most groups of intellectual persons; they have possessed in higher 

measure the qualities that insure success. It may be added that with the 

recognition of this fact we have not really left the field of sexual 

psychology, for, as has already been pointed out, that energy which thus 

insures success in practical life is itself a sexual allurement to women. 

Energy in a woman in courtship is less congenial to her sexual attitude 

than to a man's, and is not attractive to men; thus it is not surprising, 

even apart from the probably greater beauty of dark women, that the 

preponderance of fairness among wives as compared to women generally, 

indicated by Karl Pearson's data, is very slight. It may possibly be 

accounted for altogether by homogamy--the tendency of like to marry 

like--in the fair husbands. 

 

The energy and vitality of fair people is not, however, it is probable, 

merely an indirect cause of the greater tendency of fair men to become 

husbands; that is to say, it is not merely the result of the generally 

somewhat greater ability of the fair to attain success in temporal 

affairs. In addition to this, fair men, if not fair women, would appear to 

show a tendency to a greater activity in their specifically sexual 

proclivities. This is a point which we shall encounter in a later _Study_ 

and it is therefore unnecessary to discuss it here. 


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