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Table of contents
PREFACE
TOUCH-1
TOUCH-2
TOUCH-3 (begin)
TOUCH-3 (end)
TOUCH-4 (begin)
TOUCH-4 (end)
SMELL-1
SMELL-2
SMELL-3.1
SMELL-3.2
SMELL-3.3
SMELL-3.4
SMELL-3.5
SMELL-4 (begin)
SMELL-4 (end)
SMELL-5
HEARING-1
HEARING-2
HEARING-3
VISION-1.1
VISION-1.2
VISION-1.3
VISION-2.1
VISION-2.2
VISION-2.3
VISION-2.4
VISION-3
VISION-4
VISION-5
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B HISTORY-1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.2
APPENDIX B HISTORY-2.3
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.1
APPENDIX B HISTORY-3.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

states, kissing takes place between mothers (not fathers) and infants, 

also between husbands and wives; but whether it is an introduced custom 

Roth is unable to say; he adds that the Pitta-pitta language possesses a 

word for kissing.[206] 

 

It must be remarked, however, that in many parts of the world where the 

tactile kiss, as we understand it, is usually said to be unknown, it still 

exists as between a mother and her baby, and this seems to support the 

view advocated by Lombroso that the lovers' kiss is developed from the 

maternal kiss. Thus, the Angoni Zulus to the north of the Zambesi, Wiese 

states, kiss their small children on both cheeks[207] and among the 

Fuegians, according to Hyades, mothers kiss their small children. 

 

Even in Europe the kiss in early mediaeval days was, it seems probable, not 

widely known as an expression of sexual love; it would appear to have been 

a refinement of love only practiced by the more cultivated classes. In the 

old ballad of Glasgerion the lady suspected that her secret visitor was 

only a churl, and not the knight he pretended to be, because when he came 

in his master's place to spend the night with her he kissed her neither 

coming nor going, but simply got her with child. It is only under a 

comparatively high stage of civilization that the kiss has been emphasized 

and developed in the art of love. Thus the Arabic author of the _Perfumed 

Garden_, a work revealing the existence of a high degree of social 

refinement, insists on the great importance of the kiss, especially if 

applied to the inner part of the mouth, and he quotes a proverb that "A 

moist kiss is better than a hasty coitus." Such kisses, as well as on the 

face generally, and all over the body, are frequently referred to by 

Hindu, Latin, and more modern erotic writers as among the most efficacious 

methods of arousing love.[208] 

 

A reason which may have stood in the way of the development of the kiss in 

a sexual direction has probably been the fact that in the near East the 

kiss was largely monopolized for sacred uses, so that its erotic 

potentialities were not easily perceived. Among the early Arabians the 

gods were worshiped by a kiss.[209] This was the usual way of greeting the 

house gods on entering or leaving.[210] In Rome the kiss was a sign of 

reverence and respect far more than a method of sexual excitation.[211] 

Among the early Christians it had an all but sacramental significance. It 

retains its ancient and serious meaning in many usages of the Western and 

still more the Eastern Churches; the relics of saints, the foot of the 

pope, the hands of bishops, are kissed, just as the ancient Greeks kissed 

the images of the gods. Among ourselves we still have a legally recognized 

example of the sacredness of the kiss in the form of taking an oath by 

kissing the Testament.[212] 

 

So far we have been concerned mainly with the tactile kiss, which is 

sometimes supposed to have arisen in remote times to the east of the 


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