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peoples that attention is chiefly directed to perfumes, and that under the
conditions of modern life the interest in olfaction and its study has been
It is the genuinely stimulant qualities of odorous substances which led to
the widespread use of the more potent among them by ancient physicians,
and has led a few modern physicians to employ them still. Thus, vanilla,
according to Eloy, deserves to be much more frequently used
therapeutically than it is, on account of its excitomotor properties; he
states that its qualities as an excitant of sexual desire have long been
recognized and that Fonssagrives used to prescribe it for sexual
 The opinions of psychologists concerning the aesthetic significance of
smell, not on the whole very favorable, are brought together and discussed
by J.V. Volkelt, "Der AEsthetische Wert der niederen Sinne," _Zeitschrift
fuer Psychologie und Physiologie der Sinnesorgane_, 1902, ht. 3.
 T.E. Shields, "The Effect of Odors, etc., upon the Blood-flow,"
_Journal of Experimental Medicine_, vol. i, November, 1896. In France, O.
Henry and Tardif have made somewhat similar experiments on respiration and
circulation. See the latter's _Les Odeurs et les Parfums_, Chapter III.
 Fere, _Sensation et Mouvement_, Chapter VI; ib., _Comptes Rendus de
la Societe de Biologie_, November 3, December 15 and 22, 1900.
 Eloy, art. "Vanille," _Dictionnaire Encyclopedique des Sciences
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